What is Acne?
Acne, commonly known as pimples, is a skin condition that develops when the skin pores are blocked. The skin has small opening or pores that are connected oil glands. These oil glands secrete a substance called as sebum. The skin pores and oil glands are connected through a canal called follicle. Follicles have thin hair that grows out to the skin. The sebum collects the dead skin cell through the follicle to the surface of the skin. When these follicles get clogged up, pimples are formed resulting in oil build up. The sebum, hair and skin cells cluster together into a plug causing bacterial infection and results in swelling. The most common area where pimples develop is on the face, neck, shoulders and chest. If left untreated acne can cause scar in skin cells.
Causes of Acne
The main cause of acne is the rise in hormone levels called as Androgen. The androgen hormone levels rise while reaching puberty. High levels of androgen trigger the oil glands to secrete more sebum in the oil glands. When the increased sebum can cause clogs in the pores and increase the risk of bacterial infection.
Other reasons for acne include:
Lifestyle Modifications to prevent acne
There are few lifestyle modifications that are considered useful to treat and prevent acne. These include:
When to meet a doctor
Its best to consult a dermatologist at the onset or start of acne. Expert medical help will to prevent the excessive spread of acne and scarring of the skin. Acne scars are permanent and will require scar reduction treatment. Prevention and control of Acne are the best methods.
Treatments for Acne
Treatments are decided upon the cause and severity of acne by the dermatologist.
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