Human body has hair on almost every part of skin except for palms of hand and sole of foot. But hair on scalp are the most important as they beautify a person’s contour. Scalp hair follow a continuous cycle of growth and shedding in which old hair shed and new hair grow taking the space of old ones. Normally, 50 to 100 hairs fall everyday due to this cycle. But if this cycle is disturbed and hair shedding is not replaced by new hair, hair fall occurs. This hair loss can affect just the scalp or entire body.
What are the causes of hair fall?
Hair fall causes and treatments
The exact cause of hair fall is not fully understood, but it can occur due to any of the following factors:
Family history (heredity) : Being a member of such a family that suffers from hair fall increases the chances of even a healthy member to get hair fall due to genes.
Hormonal changes or imbalance: Hormones play an important role in hair health. Certain conditions like puberty, pregnancy, PCOD, thyroid disorders etc. in which hormones change or get imbalanced can cause hair loss.
Scalp infections: Certain scalp infections like ringworm of scalp can cause hair loss.
Skin disorders: Skin disorders like lichen planus, some types of lupus and sarcoidosis can lead to hair fall.
Medications: Intake of medicines used to treat diseases like cancer, depression etc. cause hair fall.
Stress: Physical and mental health are interlinked. A stressed body or mind will show symptoms on each other. That is why excessive stress or tension can be a silent reason for hair fall.
Hairstyle: Hairstyles that pull the hair too behind like pigtails or cornrows can cause hair fall. Excessive and forceful pulling out of hair from the scalp, the eyebrows or other areas of the body (trichotillomania).
Sudden or excessive weight loss: In an effort to reduce excessive weight, the person starts consuming less food and nutrition gets affected. This will show its effect on hair and hair fall occurs.
What are the signs and symptoms of hair fall ?
Gradual thinning of hair followed by their falling
Receding forehead hairline or patchy bald spots over head
Loosened hair that comes out on combing, washing or gentle tugging
Widening through the center hair part
What kinds of treatments are available for hair fall?
Treatment of hair fall depends upon its cause and amount of hair fall. So effectiveness of any treatment would depend upon identification of its real cause.
Our dermatologists are well qualified and experienced to evaluate the real cause of hair fall and treat the patient accordingly. In most of the cases combination of treatments is given by our dermatologists that raise the chances of success.
Hair-Stimulating Medications: First and foremost hair loss is tried to be managed by medications that stimulate hair growth while controlling hair fall. Both oral and locally applicable medications can be given to the patient after careful evaluation of the cause of hair fall by our dermatologists.
Laser Treatment:Low level laser treatment is a safe and non-surgical procedure that is used to treat the genetic forms of hair loss common in men and women.
Platelet Rich Plasma: The revolutionary technology of PRP Therapyinvolves withdrawal of patient's own blood, processing it to get platelet-rich plasma, and finally injecting it into scalp. It is done to supply the essential proteins (through plasma) to the scalp that stimulate natural hair growth in persons with hair loss.
Mesotherapy: It is a therapy in which small amounts of drugs are injected directly into the subcutaneous tissue and dermal layer of the skin using very fine needles. This stimulates hair growth in bald spots.
Hair restoration Surgery: Hair transplantation is the successful treatment for baldness and is performed depending upon the cause and the stage of baldness. For successful hair transplantation, it is very important that patient’s eligibility should be thoroughly evaluated. Our Dermatologists evaluate the patient for the kind of hair loss and its cause and also consider patient condition before deciding for hair restoration surgery. Maintenance & follow up plays a very important role in hair fall restoration management. Patient should keep in touch with the Dermatologist to maintain the effectiveness of treatment and enjoy a head full of hair.