Scar is a natural healing process that occurs on injury. True scars are caused by a change in skin tissues, which is a part of the healing phase. It results in structural change in the deeper layers of the skin that alters the physical architecture of normal skin
Treatment for Scars
Although scars rarely pose a significant health risk, emotional wounds often become dormant in the life of many people who have experienced it as some Scars are not only disfiguring, but also aesthetically unpleasant. But don’t worry, at Vitals, our experienced Dermatologist perform the most suitable treatment after evaluating the scar in the safe and comfortable surroundings. Once the type of scar is diagnosed, dermatologists suggest you the right treatment best suited for your scars and the type of your skin ranging from over-thecounter remedies to clinical treatment options depending on the depth or size of the wound or cut or even the location of the injury, also with age, genetics, and sex etc.
However, Surgical and Non-Surgical Treatments offered for different types of Scars are -
Non–Surgical Techniques USED are -
Topi cal therapy - Use of topical silicone gel or silicone sheet improves the contour, texture and the colour of the scar.
Intralesional agents - Intralesional corticosteroids which reduce scar formation by inhibition of inflammatory with the help of Injections of Steroids, mediators, collagen synthesis.
Cryotherapy - Cryotherapy either alone or in combination with intralesional corticosteroids or surgical excision is used in the management of hypertrophic scars and keloids
Non-ablative lasers - Decreases the redness of the scar by destroying the blood vessels and use of lower sub-purpuric stimulates collagen remodelling and softens the scar.
Ablative laser resurfacing - Scar revision using ablative lasers can cause pigment alteration and scar deterioration from overaggressive treatment.
Others - Electro current using positive-polarity electrical stimulation, radiation therapy and pressure dressings have also been used for treating scars
Microdermabrasion - Is performed using either a pressurised stream of aluminum oxide crystals in the treatment of superficial acne scars.
Surgical Techniques USED are:
Fusiform elliptical excision - It is the most appropriate technique for revising a mature depressed or spread scar which is present along the RSTLs and respects the facial subunits
Dermabrasion - Is used for smoothing and levelling the textural abnormalities of the scar surface and its uneven edges.
Flaps and grafts - Flaps can be used for revising large scars or scar that is located in critical location in which it is difficult to mobilise the adjacent tissue. Long linear scars, excessively wide hypertrophic and atrophic scars and scars covering large surface areas and involving significant tissue loss can be revised using serial partial excisions, tissue expansion, skin grafting, flaps and integral artificial skin.