Skin discolorations comes in various forms. It normally generates from a pigment called melanin. When these cells get damaged or unhealthy, it affects melanin production, which affects patches of skin. Melanin gives your skin its characteristic natural color, but when unevenly distributed, causes Pigmentation.
There are unit varied sorts of Skin – Discoloration (Pigmentation)
- Melanin — A pigment that creates hair, skin and eye color which protects the body by absorbing ultraviolet light.
- Melasma - A dark mask-like discoloration that covers the cheeks and bridge of the nose often called as "the mask of pregnancy.
- Vitilgo - A skin disorder that creates smooth, depigmented white spots on the skin.
- Eczema - Commonly known as atopic dermatitis, that causes red, itchy and dry skin as a result of inflammation.
- Lentigines — Also called as liver or age spots, are flat, benign lesions, usually between 5-20 mm in diameter.
- Albinism — People with albinismtypically have light skin, white or pale yellow hair and light blue or gray eyes.
- Hyperpigmentation — A skin condition that occurs when the body has excess of melanin, orpigment.
- Lichen simplex chronicus — A skin problem with severe itch that causes thick, dark patches of skin to develop.
Causes of Skin Discoloration - Pigmentation
Some common causes for changes in skin color are injury, illness, and inflammatory problems when the skin is continually scrubbed over and over and over-peeled and over-microderabraded, the skin can be so inflamed–even if it’s not visible to the naked eye–and which results in pigmentation.
There are many other factors which trigger Skin pigmentation -
Internal Hormonal changes in the body affect the skin’s pigment which often occurs as a result of aging, pregnancy, birth control, certain medications or hormone replacement therapy.
Pigmentation will be triggered by our skin’s own self-healing mechanism, once associate inflammatory response happens once associate injury. This can embrace skin problem, waxing, improperly performed optical device treatments or deep extractions, abrasions, insect bites and razor bumps.
Treatments for Skin – Discoloration
There are many natural and home remedies which can be used for preventing pigmentation on the face like Lemon, Olive Oil, Onion, Castor Oil etc. Also, protective measures like effective Sun screen Lotions against sunburn, cleanser, hydroquinone lotion, brightening cream can be used prescribed by doctors. For long term discoloration, other techniques such as lasers and other chemicals can be suggested by dermatologists. According to experts, laser peels are great since they have no heat, and can target dark spots without causing any inflammation.
Authored By Dr. Harish Prasad
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